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Class Syllabus. History of global population growth, with emphasis on developing nations. Its socioeconomic effects on a society and factors behind migration. Different views of Malthus, Marx, Boserup, and others and governmental policies to check rapid population growth are also discussed. (From course description)
Kundu, Manny. 2009. Environmental Studies 112: World Population, Policies, and the Environment. University of California, Santa Barbara.
Global population, development aspirations and fallacies (Population mondiale, aspirations de développement et logiques fallacieuses)
The world is on an unsustainable path of growth. Technology and earlier fertility decline are critical for longer-term environmental purposes but will not resolve the immediate social or environmental crises. For George Martine, a redefinition of “development” and a radically different use of scarce global resources are the most pressing issues to be addressed.
Martine, George. Global population, development aspirations and fallacies (Population mondiale, aspirations de développement et logiques fallacieuses). N-IUSSP.ORG February 5, 2018.
Using a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture-level panel dataset, the study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010.
Gao, L. and A. G. Sam. Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China. Papers in Regional Science, https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12335DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12335
Environmental Change, Migration, and Conflict in Africa: A Critical Examination of the Interconnections
To examine how migration may act as an intervening and causal variable between environmental change and conflict, the author has combined climate-conflict and environment-migration research.
Freeman, L. 2017. Environmental Change, Migration, and Conflict in Africa: A Critical Examination of the Interconnections. The Journal of Environment & Development 26(4): 351-374.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496517727325
Thinking about the future: the four billion question (Penser à l'avenir: la question des quatre milliards)
In this article, the author claims that with four billion extra inhabitants on our planet in the next century constitute a serious threat to survival, greater than most observers acknowledge. He argues that greater international cooperation is needed both to achieve the goal of curbing demographic growth and to manage the already scarce resources of our planet.
Llivi-Bacci, Massimo. Thinking about the future: the four billion question (Penser à l'avenir: la question des quatre milliards). N-IUSSP.ORG February 12, 2018.
This article examines how migration may act as an intervening and causal variable between environmental change and conflict by combining climate-conflict and environment-migration research. It argues that to understand the potential propensity of environmental change to lead to conflict in Africa, close attention needs to be paid to local-level manifestations of conflict and (mal)adaptive forms of migration.
Freeman, L. 2017. Environmental Change, Migration, and Conflict in Africa. The Journal of Environment & Development, doi: 1070496517727325.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496517727325
This article analyzes how the international community is dealing with the concept of climate change refugees, an emergent and undeniable reality.
Berchin, I. I., I. B. Valduga, J. Garcia and J. B. S. O. de Andrade Guerra. 2017. Climate change and forced migrations: An effort towards recognizing climate refugees. Geoforum 84(Supplement C): 147-150.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2017.06.022
Results form this study show that when strengthening climate risk management practices or designing adaptation interventions, gender should be taken into account as it can influence risk-taking and decision-making.
Lebel, L., P. Lebel and B. Lebel. 2017. Gender and the management of climate-related risks in Northern Thailand. International Social Science Journal, DOI: 10.1111/issj.12090DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/issj.12090
Using high-frequency demographic surveillance data, a discrete time event history approach, and a range of sociodemographic and contextual controls, the study measures the extent to which temperature, precipitation, and flooding can predict temporary migration.
Call, M. A., C. Gray, M. Yunus and M. Emch. 2017. Disruption, not displacement: Environmental variability and temporary migration in Bangladesh. Global Environmental Change 46(Supplement C): 157-165.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.08.008