Course Syllabus. This course focuses on the relationship between human population and the environment. Students will learn about diverse populations, recent dynamics of world population, their effects on the global environmental systems, and reciprocal effects of environment on population growth and spatial distribution. In order to understand the current patterns of population growth, students will study the history of human populations and how characteristics of humans led to increased abundance of resources and high population growth. The course will also include case studies of human groups/societies that thrived or disappeared when faced with specific environmental conditions. Future changes in population and environmental conditions will be also studied so students will be able to understand and work with the idea of global, sustainable human society.
SOC 4312.Population and Environment. Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work, texas Tech University
“Ghost cities” identification using multi-source remote sensing datasets: A case study in Yangtze River Delta
For the last three decades, rapid and uncontrolled urbanization has given rise to “ghost cities” in China. A framework to monitor “ghost cities” in Yangtze River Delta was proposed based on multi-source remote sensing datasets, including nighttime light imagery, land cover type products and population grid.
Zheng, Q., Y. Zeng, J. Deng, K. Wang, R. Jiang and Z. Ye. 2017. “Ghost cities” identification using multi-source remote sensing datasets: A case study in Yangtze River Delta. Applied Geography 80: 112-121.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.02.004
In this paper, the multi-dimensional relationship between climate change and migration was explored as well as new perspectives and concepts to interpret the emerging theory of adaptive migration was advanced, through the use of the concept of pluralism.
Baldwin, A. and E. Fornalé. 2017. Adaptive migration: pluralising the debate on climate change and migration. The Geographical Journal 183(4): 322-328.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12242
Population pressure and global markets drive a decade of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift
The authors examined national socioeconomic, demographic, agricultural production, and local demographic and geographic variables to assessed multilevel forces driving local forest cover loss and gain outside protected areas during the first decade of this century by using satellite-derived estimates of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift.
Ryan, S. J., M. W. Palace, J. Hartter, J. E. Diem, C. A. Chapman and J. Southworth. 2017. Population pressure and global markets drive a decade of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift. Applied Geography 81: 52-59.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.02.009
Data on 150 best sustainable practices in China were collected and stored in a new Sustainable Urbanization Practices Database (SUPD) where for each case, the category, the methods adopted and the outcomes achieved were identified, classified and coded by content analysis.
Tan, Y., H. Xu, L. Jiao, J. J. Ochoa and L. Shen. 2017. A study of best practices in promoting sustainable urbanization in China. Journal of Environmental Management 193: 8-18.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.01.058
Using an integrated assessment approach, this paper quantifies the air quality, human health, and CO2 emission impacts of China’s SNG strategy. The authors used the ECLIPSE_V5a_CLE scenario (evaluating the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived pollutants) for 2020 as base case as it reflects the air pollution policies and regulations in place for China’s 12th Five-Year Plan (FYP).
Qin, Y., F. Wagner, N. Scovronick, W. Peng, J. Yang, T. Zhu, K. R. Smith and D. L. Mauzerall. 2017. Air quality, health, and climate implications of China’s synthetic natural gas development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1703167114DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1703167114
To analyse the importance of alternative practices surrounding land, labour, governance, and ritual found in the region, the study used the concept of comunalidad, created by Indigenous intellectuals in Oaxaca, Mexico. The results show that while Indigenous villages are profoundly affected by different forms of migration, migration itself is not necessarily a “death knell” for Indigenous peasants.
Robson, J., D. Klooster, H. Worthen and J. Hernández-Díaz. 2017. Migration and agrarian transformation in Indigenous Mexico. Journal of Agrarian Change, doi: 10.1111/joac.12224DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joac.12224
This article examines how migration may act as an intervening and causal variable between environmental change and conflict by combining climate-conflict and environment-migration research. It argues that to understand the potential propensity of environmental change to lead to conflict in Africa, close attention needs to be paid to local-level manifestations of conflict and (mal)adaptive forms of migration.
Freeman, L. 2017. Environmental Change, Migration, and Conflict in Africa. The Journal of Environment & Development, doi: 1070496517727325.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496517727325
The study investigated the links between household agricultural activities and children's physical growth in two agro-ecologically varying field sites: lowland Natarbora and mountainous Ossu in order to redress a lack of research that clearly demonstrates how agriculture impacts on nutrition in Timor-Leste.
Thu, P. M. and D. S. Judge. 2017. Household agricultural activities and child growth: evidence from rural Timor-Leste. Geographical Research, DOI:DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12221
The results of the analysis of disaggregated household-level data (n=1602) from the Lao PDR in 2011 suggest that a poverty–environment nexus exists where the most explicit relations were those between poverty and using fuelwood for cooking, and poverty and access to safe drinking water, whereas recent negative changes regarding deforestation and land erosion exhibited only a weak connection.
Pasanen, T., H. Lakkala, R. Yliluoma, V. Tuominen, S. Jusi, J. Luukkanen and J. Kaivo-oja. 2017. Poverty–Environment Nexus in the Lao PDR: Analysis of Household Survey Data. Development Policy Review 35(3): 349-371DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12212