Demographic processes and their outcomes in terms of population size, distribution and characteristics have a fundamental role in sustainable development and also broad policy implications. This course will introduce students to the scientific study of human populations as a contribution toward their understanding of social structure, relations, and dynamics, as well as society-nature interactions. We will consider the implications for population-environment relationships in the context of consumption trends, economic development, sustainability and cultural change.
Adamo, S. 2017. SDEV W3400 - Human Populations and Sustainable Development. Columbia University.
To analyse the importance of alternative practices surrounding land, labour, governance, and ritual found in the region, the study used the concept of comunalidad, created by Indigenous intellectuals in Oaxaca, Mexico. The results show that while Indigenous villages are profoundly affected by different forms of migration, migration itself is not necessarily a “death knell” for Indigenous peasants.
Robson, J., D. Klooster, H. Worthen and J. Hernández-Díaz. 2017. Migration and agrarian transformation in Indigenous Mexico. Journal of Agrarian Change, doi: 10.1111/joac.12224DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joac.12224
The study investigated the links between household agricultural activities and children's physical growth in two agro-ecologically varying field sites: lowland Natarbora and mountainous Ossu in order to redress a lack of research that clearly demonstrates how agriculture impacts on nutrition in Timor-Leste.
Thu, P. M. and D. S. Judge. 2017. Household agricultural activities and child growth: evidence from rural Timor-Leste. Geographical Research, DOI:DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12221
Exploring short-term and long-term time frames in Australian population carrying capacity assessment
The author developed an Australian-orientated model, the Carrying Capacity Dashboard to explore temporal flexibility in resource-based carrying capacity modelling. The model offers users the ability to choose projected time frames of between one and 150 years for a variety of landscape scales and consumption patterns.
Lane, M. 2017. Exploring short-term and long-term time frames in Australian population carrying capacity assessment. Population and Environment 38(3): 309-324.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0264-9
Course Syllabus. This course is a graduate seminar providing an overview of social science theory and research relating population and the environment. In general, the readings and discussions provide insight into different arenas of association between humans and the environmental context. For instance, the explore the values and perceptions which individuals hold regarding the environment will be explored. The course will also examine human population factors related to climate change, biodiversity, and the ways in which gender mediates human-environment associations. Specific regional research allows the opportunity to consider the ways in which demographic processes exert influences on these environmental resources, as well as the ways in which environmental characteristics exert influence on demographic processes. Finally, there will be a week spent examining the social distribution of environmental hazards, an issue often termed "environmental justice." The readings represent recent academic research from multiple social science disciplines including sociology, geography, economics, and political science. Through the course of the semester, the clasee will examine theoretical and empirical work at local, national, regional, and international scales, examining a wide range of domestic and international issues which relate to human-environment interactions.
Hunter, Lori. Sociology 7017: Population and Environment. Fall 2014. Environment and Society Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder.
In seeking to understand how future societies will be affected by climate change, the authors propose that the concept of demographic metabolism and the associated methods of multi-dimensional population projections provide an effective analytical toolbox to forecast important aspects of societal change that affect adaptive capacity.
Lutz, W. and R. Muttarak. 2017. Forecasting societies' adaptive capacities through a demographic metabolism model. Nature Climate Change 7(3): 177-184.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3222
To explore how those in regional Australian coastal communities have coped with repeated natural disasters, focussing on the experience of independent-living older adults, the study used an exploratory, mixed-method, and phenomenological approach, an array of non-probability snowballing techniques to seek participation from residents aged 65 years or more, and from emergency services officers, disaster managers, and community health care providers located in regional communities affected by Cyclone Larry (2006) and Cyclone Yasi (2011).
Sandra, A. 2017. Ageing in remote and cyclone-prone communities: geography, policy, and disaster relief. Geographical Research, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12228DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12228
The paper seeks to discuss trends of urban expansion and population growth with their social and environmental implications in the city of Teresina, the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Piauí over the last four decades (1974–2014).
Espindola, G. M. d., E. L. N. d. C. Carneiro and A. C. Façanha. 2017. Four decades of urban sprawl and population growth in Teresina, Brazil. Applied Geography 79: 73-83.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.12.018
This is a conceptual and methodological paper with the objective of identifying possible different options for research into the consequences of migration for adaptation.
Gemenne, F. and J. Blocher. 2017. How can migration serve adaptation to climate change? Challenges to fleshing out a policy ideal. The Geographical Journal, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12205DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12205
Results form this study show that when strengthening climate risk management practices or designing adaptation interventions, gender should be taken into account as it can influence risk-taking and decision-making.
Lebel, L., P. Lebel and B. Lebel. 2017. Gender and the management of climate-related risks in Northern Thailand. International Social Science Journal, DOI: 10.1111/issj.12090DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/issj.12090