Using panel data, the study investigates the effects of climatic variations and extremes captured by variability in temperature, precipitation, and incidents of typhoons on aggregate inter-provincial migration within the Philippines.
Bohra-Mishra, P., M. Oppenheimer, R. Cai, S. Feng and R. Licker. 2017. Climate variability and migration in the Philippines. Population and Environment 38(3): 286-308DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0263-x
This is a discussion of the the possible solutions and protection alternatives for climate change displacement for the inhabitants of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS), and particularly of Atolls Islands States.
Yamamoto, L. and M. Esteban. 2017. Migration as an Adaptation Strategy for Atoll Island States. International Migration, DOI: 10.1111/imig.12318DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imig.12318
The study answers threee three research questions: (1) Are the effects of climatic conditions on mortality independent from those of social conditions? (2) If yes, do these climatic effects vary spatially in the US? (3) If there are spatial variations of climatic associations in the US, how are they distributed?
Yang, T.-C. and L. Jensen. 2017. Climatic conditions and human mortality: spatial and regional variation in the United States. Population and Environment 38(3): 261-285DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0262-y
The study examines the effects of climate variability on marriage using longitudinal individual-level demographic data from the Historical Sample of the Netherlands (HSN) and climate and economic data from 1871 to 1937.
Jennings, J. A. and C. L. Gray. 2017. Climate and marriage in the Netherlands, 1871–1937. Population and Environment 38(3): 242-260.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0266-7
Results form this study show that when strengthening climate risk management practices or designing adaptation interventions, gender should be taken into account as it can influence risk-taking and decision-making.
Lebel, L., P. Lebel and B. Lebel. 2017. Gender and the management of climate-related risks in Northern Thailand. International Social Science Journal, DOI: 10.1111/issj.12090DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/issj.12090
To investigate the relationship between climate shocks and migration between rural and urban areas within Mexico, individual records from the 2000 and 2010 Mexican censuses (n = 683,518) were combined with high-resolution climate data from Terra Populus that are linked to census data at the municipality level (n = 2321). Then climate shocks were measured as monthly deviation from a 30-year (1961–1990) long-term climate normal period, and uncover important nonlinearities using quadratic and cubic specifications.
Nawrotzki, R. J., J. DeWaard, M. Bakhtsiyarava and J. T. Ha. 2017. Climate shocks and rural-urban migration in Mexico: exploring nonlinearities and thresholds. Climatic Change 140(2): 243-258.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1849-0
In seeking to understand how future societies will be affected by climate change, the authors propose that the concept of demographic metabolism and the associated methods of multi-dimensional population projections provide an effective analytical toolbox to forecast important aspects of societal change that affect adaptive capacity.
Lutz, W. and R. Muttarak. 2017. Forecasting societies' adaptive capacities through a demographic metabolism model. Nature Climate Change 7(3): 177-184.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3222
Two statements on population and sustainable development produced by global scientific panels in 2002 and 2012
The author highlights the contributions demographers can make to research on sustainable development, especially by providing estimates and forecasts of population dynamics, which are fundamental to policy design.
Lutz, Wolfgang. 2016. Two statements on population and sustainable development produced by global scientific panels in 2002 and 2012. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2015 (13): 37–45DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2015s37
Differential mortality patterns from hydro-meteorological disasters: Evidence from cause-of-death data by age and sex
Using previously untapped cause-of-death data over the period 1995–2011 that were obtained from the WHO mortality database, and were based on the
civil registration records of 63 countries/territories, the study evaluates patterns of mortality among different population subgroups related to meteorological disasters in the spirit of model life tables.
Zagheni, Emilio; Muttarak, Raya; Striessnig, Erich. 2016. Differential mortality patterns from hydro-meteorological disasters: Evidence from cause-of-death data by age and sex. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2015 (13):47–70DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2015s47
This study covers outcomes from our field research in Male, the capital of Maldives, in 2013, using quantitative questionnaires with local respondents (N=347). The results suggest that, besides a set of actually experienced environmental and climate challenges, slow-onset climate change impacts such as sea-level rise are perceived as being one of the key factors affecting Maldivian society and livelihoods.
Stojanov, R., B. Duží, I. Kelman, D. Němec and D. Procházka. 2016. Local perceptions of climate change impacts and migration patterns in Malé, Maldives. The Geographical Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12177DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12177