In this study we quantify changes in spatial and temporal (1993 and 2009) patterns of human pressure and ecological state across the entire global network of Natural World Heritage Sites (NWHS) and their surrounding landscapes using two newly available globally consistent data sets that assess changes in human pressure (Human Footprint) and forest loss (Global Forest Watch).
Allan, J. R., O. Venter, S. Maxwell, B. Bertzky, K. Jones, Y. Shi and J. E. M. Watson. 2017. Recent increases in human pressure and forest loss threaten many Natural World Heritage Sites. Biological Conservation 206: 47-55.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.12.011
Demographic processes and their outcomes in terms of population size, distribution and characteristics have a fundamental role in sustainable development and also broad policy implications. This course will introduce students to the scientific study of human populations as a contribution toward their understanding of social structure, relations, and dynamics, as well as society-nature interactions. We will consider the implications for population-environment relationships in the context of consumption trends, economic development, sustainability and cultural change.
Adamo, S. 2017. SDEV W3400 - Human Populations and Sustainable Development. Columbia University.
The study answers threee three research questions: (1) Are the effects of climatic conditions on mortality independent from those of social conditions? (2) If yes, do these climatic effects vary spatially in the US? (3) If there are spatial variations of climatic associations in the US, how are they distributed?
Yang, T.-C. and L. Jensen. 2017. Climatic conditions and human mortality: spatial and regional variation in the United States. Population and Environment 38(3): 261-285DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0262-y
Drawing on interviews and ethnographic field work with women in 2 local development organizations in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, México undertaken over 8 weeks in 2014 and 2015, this paper explores how place-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation interact with processes and ideas operating at national and global scales.
Lookabaugh, L. 2017. Talking About the Weather in Chiapas, Mexico: Rural Women's Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation. The Latin Americanist 61(1): 61-80.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tla.12101
Course Syllabus. This course is a graduate seminar providing an overview of social science theory and research relating population and the environment. In general, the readings and discussions provide insight into different arenas of association between humans and the environmental context. For instance, the explore the values and perceptions which individuals hold regarding the environment will be explored. The course will also examine human population factors related to climate change, biodiversity, and the ways in which gender mediates human-environment associations. Specific regional research allows the opportunity to consider the ways in which demographic processes exert influences on these environmental resources, as well as the ways in which environmental characteristics exert influence on demographic processes. Finally, there will be a week spent examining the social distribution of environmental hazards, an issue often termed "environmental justice." The readings represent recent academic research from multiple social science disciplines including sociology, geography, economics, and political science. Through the course of the semester, the clasee will examine theoretical and empirical work at local, national, regional, and international scales, examining a wide range of domestic and international issues which relate to human-environment interactions.
Hunter, Lori. Sociology 7017: Population and Environment. Fall 2014. Environment and Society Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder.
This course will examine two hallmark demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the 21st century: urbanization and migration. It will place those changes in the context of climate-change adaptation and mitigation, and consider policy and programs that address these issues. The course will focus on changes in a developing-country context. Students will learn to examine theory and evidence (data and methods) that is used at the local, national and international level to understand populations at risk in the short and long-run, internal and international migration flows, city-growth and urban dynamism in the context of short and long-term climate-change related hazards (e.g., increased storms and associated flooding, sea-level rise, drought, changes in disease vectors, and so on).
Balk, Deborah. 2017. WWS 594-0 - Urbanization, Migration and Climate Change. Princeton University
This site provides a variety projections (1990-2050) for Texas, including county population projections, city population projections, regional population projections, regional municipal water demand projections, manufacturing water demand projections, steam electric water demand projections, mining water demand projections, livestock water demand projections, and irrigation water demand projections. Projections are available in Excel.
Population & Water Demand Projections. Texas Water Development Board
Using panel data, the study investigates the effects of climatic variations and extremes captured by variability in temperature, precipitation, and incidents of typhoons on aggregate inter-provincial migration within the Philippines.
Bohra-Mishra, P., M. Oppenheimer, R. Cai, S. Feng and R. Licker. 2017. Climate variability and migration in the Philippines. Population and Environment 38(3): 286-308DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0263-x
Population pressure and global markets drive a decade of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift
The authors examined national socioeconomic, demographic, agricultural production, and local demographic and geographic variables to assessed multilevel forces driving local forest cover loss and gain outside protected areas during the first decade of this century by using satellite-derived estimates of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift.
Ryan, S. J., M. W. Palace, J. Hartter, J. E. Diem, C. A. Chapman and J. Southworth. 2017. Population pressure and global markets drive a decade of forest cover change in Africa's Albertine Rift. Applied Geography 81: 52-59.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.02.009
The authiors, using the Dynamic Integrated Climate-Economy model 2013 (DICE2013), explore two approaches to valuing population: a discounted version of total utilitarianism (TU) and of average utilitarianism (AU) to show that how future population is valued importantly determines mitigation decisions.
Scovronick, N., M. B. Budolfson, F. Dennig, M. Fleurbaey, A. Siebert, R. H. Socolow, D. Spears and F. Wagner. 2017. Impact of population growth and population ethics on climate change mitigation policy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(46): 12338-12343.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1618308114