The relative importance of climate change and population growth for exposure to future extreme droughts
Results from this study show that at the national level, 129 countries will experience increase in drought exposure mainly due to climate change alone; 23 countries primarily due to population growth; and 38 countries primarily due to the interaction between climate change and population growth.
Smirnov, O., M. Zhang, T. Xiao, J. Orbell, A. Lobben and J. Gordon. 2016. The relative importance of climate change and population growth for exposure to future extreme droughts. Climatic Change 138(1): 41-53DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1716-z
The article introduces a new, publically available data extraction system Terra Populus (TerraPop), which was designed to facilitate population–environment studies. The use of TerraPop was showcased by exploring variations in the climate–migration association in Burkina Faso and Senegal based on differences in the local food security context.
Nawrotzki, R. J., A. M. Schlak and T. A. Kugler. 2016. Climate, migration, and the local food security context: introducing Terra Populus. Population and Environment 38(2): 164-184.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0260-0
The authors designed and conducted a new survey to collect both migration and environmental data in Vietnam in order to study the effects of individual perceptions of different types of environmental events (i.e., sudden/short-term vs. slow-onset/long-term) on migration decisions.
Koubi, V., S. Stoll and G. Spilker. 2016. Perceptions of environmental change and migration decisions. Climatic Change 138(3): 439-451DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1767-1
Using panel data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey and high-resolution climate data, the authors examined the effect of anomalous temperatures, rainfall levels, and monsoon timing on migration outcomes and assessed whether intra- and inter-province moves are used as a response to climatic shocks.
Thiede, B. C. and C. L. Gray. 2016. Heterogeneous climate effects on human migration in Indonesia. Population and Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0265-8DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-016-0265-8
The portal seeks to provide a one-stop service website to promote new research, information exchange and dialogue, intended to fill the existing data, research and knowledge gaps on the migration-environment nexus. The Environmental Migration Portal has been created as part of the "Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy (MECLEP)" project funded by the European Union.
Environmental Migration Portal: Knowledge Platform on People on the Move in a Changing Climate. European Union.
This study covers outcomes from our field research in Male, the capital of Maldives, in 2013, using quantitative questionnaires with local respondents (N=347). The results suggest that, besides a set of actually experienced environmental and climate challenges, slow-onset climate change impacts such as sea-level rise are perceived as being one of the key factors affecting Maldivian society and livelihoods.
Stojanov, R., B. Duží, I. Kelman, D. Němec and D. Procházka. 2016. Local perceptions of climate change impacts and migration patterns in Malé, Maldives. The Geographical Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12177DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12177
Using data from the 2008 Philippines Demographic and Health Survey and MPA data from the Coastal Conservation and Education Fund, the study examines the degree to which marine protected areas (MPAs), which aim to conserve marine biodiversity, are associated with improved nutritional outcomes in children under age 5.
Alva, S., K. Johnson, A. Jacob, H. D’Agnes, R. Mantovani and T. Evans. 2016. Marine protected areas and children’s dietary diversity in the Philippines. Population and Environment 37(3): 341-361.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-015-0240-9
Using individual survey data from a migrant-sending area in highland Peru where the population experiences negative health and livelihood impacts from climate-related phenomena, this research applies behavioural migration theory to examine the extent to which immobile populations experiencing environmental degradation exercise agency with respect to location and, in doing so, elucidates what it means to be trapped.
Adams, H. 2016. Why populations persist: mobility, place attachment and climate change. Population and Environment 37(4): 429-448.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-015-0246-3
Can indigenous transborder migrants affect environmental governance in their communities of origin? Evidence from Mexico
Lira, M. G., J. P. Robson and D. J. Klooster. 2016. Can indigenous transborder migrants affect environmental governance in their communities of origin? Evidence from Mexico. Population and Environment 37(4): 464-478.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-015-0247-2
Using spatial methods to test the hypothesis that there are higher levels of social vulnerability in flood-prone areas of New York City and
Mumbai, the authors employed census data to develop social vulnerability indices of the cities, New York City and Mumbai, then overlaid the SoVI scores onto flood extent maps for Hurricane Sandy (New York, October 2012) and the Mumbai flash floods (July 2005).
de Sherbinin, Alex; Bardy, Guillem. 2016. Social vulnerability to floods in two coastal megacities: New York City and Mumbai. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2015 (13):131–165DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2015s131